Dental implant surgery is the placement of screw-shaped metal (Titanium or Zirconia-based) artificial roots into the jaw bone in order to regain an aesthetic appearance of the edentulous areas in the mouth and restore the chewing function. Painlessness during surgery is provided with local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia.
After deciding on the dental implant application, the following procedures are applied:
1- Examination of the implant site and evaluation of the general health of the patient
2- Placement of the dental implant
3- Using artificial bone structures if necessary
4- Bone maturation around the implant
5- Placement of the abutment
6- Placement of artificial teeth as a final touch
Dental implant surgery is an effective solution for patients with conditions such as;
– Patients with damaged tooth roots that will not allow the renewal of old bridges or crowns
– Patients who do not want to use removable prostheses.
Dental implant surgery is decided according to your general health condition, age and jaw bone condition. With the right implant size selection and appropriate post-operative care for the patient, dental implants provide patients with a lasting chewing comfort and aesthetic appearance with a known success rate of 98%.
Dental implants should be applied to adults whose facial bone structure has been completed. As with almost all surgeries, some diseases such as general health and diabetes must be carefully evaluated by the dentist. If age and health are not limiting, the bone to be operated, which is the last limitation, is evaluated by the specialist.A certain amount of bone must be found in order for the implant to provide integrity with the bone. If a tooth is missing for a while, the surrounding bone starts to decrease and there may not be enough bone left to perform the dental implant surgery. CBCT imaging is used to quantify this condition. In case of bone insufficiency for dental implants, artificial bone must be added.
Patients who do not have any limitations in dental implant surgery experience three different types of tooth deficiency. According to the number of missing teeth;
1- Treatment of a single tooth deficiency; Usually a 3-month recovery period is required, then crown treatment is applied on the implant.
2- Treatment of a couple of missing teeth; The use of implant supported bridges is suitable. A bridge consists of crowns on both sides of the missing tooth cavity and crowns on the body. It is necessary to wait for a 3-month recovery period after implant application within the bridge construction.
3- Treatment of the deficiency of all teeth; It is suitable to use implant-retained prosthesis. A traditional denture can create a feeling of a foreign substance in the mouth during talking or eating, and discomfort in its use. Dental implants permanently fix the prosthesis and eliminate the problems of moving and falling in these prostheses.
All on 4 treatment concept is a cost-effective, graft-free solution that provides patients with a fixed prosthesis on the day of surgery. All on 4 concept maximizes the use of existing bone, especially in cases where there is insufficient bone, and eliminates the time the patient will be toothless. While the process is being implemented, four implants are used in the anterior and middle parts of the fully edentulous jaws to support a (temporary or permanent) immediately loaded prosthesis. Thanks to this method, the patient has a new prosthesis on the same day.